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    10 questions on air pollution

    A more precise term is acid deposition, which has two parts: wet (rain, fog, and snow) and dry (particles and gases). Air pollution causes both acute disease and chronic disease. These multiple choice questions on Air Pollution are very useful for SSC, UPSC etc. These datasets have their limitations and uncertainties and should be used in the cases where local data are not available, or where there is limited monitoring capacity. This means that unlike in the past, where air pollution was considered an unavoidable cost of economic growth, air pollution reduction does not impact economic growth. Questions :- 1. Air pollution also goes to the heart of social justice and global inequality. Mountains surrounding cities, land-sea breezes and other local weather conditions can affect the spread of pollutants and influence the formation of secondary pollutants. These impacts also disproportionately affect the most vulnerable people and communities. A: "Acid rain" is a broad term used to describe several ways that acids fall out of the atmosphere. Q: What is acid rain? Why is air pollution a priority issue? While the impacts on human health are the most pressing, air pollution also significantly impacts several different types of ecosystems and it reduces crop yields and the health of forests. In cities, air pollution comes from both inside and outside city boundaries, some of it travelling over long distances. The development of regional agreements to address the shared problem of transboundary air pollution secondary pollutants). 3. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found at Earth Science: Air Pollution. The most frequently present categories of air pollutants are sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) and small dust particles (aerosols). 1. What household items should be recycled? Incomplete burning of petrol or diesel in vehicles creates…………. Actions to reduce methane, greatly benefit efforts to prevent climate change, and protect human health and crop yields. Age, pre-existing conditions, other risk factors for disease and sensitivity to the pollutant, can all affect how a person reacts to a pollutant. These particles are can either be emitted directly or formed in the atmosphere from several different emitted pollutants (e.g. For example, the global cost of health damages in 2016 alone from outdoor air pollution was estimated to be US$5.7 trillion, equivalent to 4.8 percent of global Gross Domestic Product (GDP) that year. Other pollutants like sulphur and nitrogen can also damage forest and lake ecosystems, through acidification of soils and surface water, affecting forest growth and killing fish and other organisms. This Quiz has 10 questions. ozone) can also create haze and reduce visibility, which can shroud cities in dense smog. Many cities have implemented monitoring networks that continuously measure air pollutants as part of their air quality management systems. The private sector can contribute to air pollution through its various operations and supply chains across different sectors. This does not mean that there are no health effects below those guidelines, but they represent health-based targets useful for tracking the burden of disease from air pollution, informing national level targets and standards, and monitoring the effectiveness of air quality management efforts designed to improve health. It causes chronic diseases, lung cancer, strokes, heart diseases and respiratory … However, new forms of cleaner and renewable energy, and the adoption of air quality regulations and management processes, are reducing reliance on some polluting fuels and practices. The main cause of air pollution is. The question : (* required ) 1)What do you think about the air pollution ?*. A review (Domingo J.L., et al. As our understanding of these links improve, it is even more important to commit to long-term sustainable energy, environmental policies and standards implementation. Question 1: What is pollution ? Many countries have no government run monitoring networks using regulatory-standard equipment at all. Which gas is primarily responsible for Green House Effect i.e global warming. It’s also important for governments, to be able to make short and long-term planning decisions to reduce air pollution. Obligations related to clean air are implicit in a number of international human rights instruments, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Air pollution has also been implicated in the current COVID-19 pandemic. You have to finish following quiz, to start this quiz: Which gas out of following is found highest by volume in Air? What’s the most polluted country of the world? In countries with limited resources, monitoring sites are often only located in their largest, most populated city. One of the most common sources of air pollution in rural and peri-urban areas of low-income countries, comes from households burning biomass, other solid fuels (e.g. Air pollution is the presence of natural and artificial substances in the air that affect the health of humans and other organisms. Most people in the world live in areas with high levels of air pollution. Both short and long term exposure to air pollutants have been associated to health impacts. Coordinated measures to reduce air pollution and GHGs, such as those addressing Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs), can produce very large benefits to public health and the environment. The industries located in and around Agra like rubber processing , automobile ,chemicals and especially the Mathura oil refinery , produce pollutants like sulpher dioxide and nitrogen dioxide which react with water vapour present in the atmoshphere to form Sulphurinc acid and Nitic acid.The acid drops down with rain , and corrodes the marble. Solid rubbish. Air pollution is the largest environmental … The Convention is unique in that it provides an international legally binding agreement, which sets emission reduction targets for several pollutants. It is crucial to consider improved air quality as an additional measure, to help reduce the burden placed on people’s health, as well as healthcare systems. Most of the effects are felt in parts of Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where burning biomass for cooking is especially prevalent. Air pollution has not been solved in any region, but there have been remarkable decreases in emissions and pollutant concentrations in many European countries, as well as the USA, Canada and Japan, where strong policies, regulations and regular monitoring systems were put into place. However, many countries are working towards meeting the WHO air quality criteria and its interim goals. Scientific cooperation has also been initiated in Asia, and the Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET) has been building capacity and cooperation on monitoring across East and Southeast Asia. b) liquid droplets in … 7. Ozone (O3) is by far the main air pollutant affecting plant growth. Air pollution can Within a city, areas closest to large sources can have huge pollutant concentrations, while other areas of the same city can be much cleaner. Add air quality to their Corporate Social Responsibility activities and pledge to regular reporting and monitoring. Many cities in developing countries can only afford to have a single monitoring site, or a few at most. Household air pollution also contributes to outdoor air pollution. Finally, it is a critical precursor to the formation of O₃. Air pollution causes _____ (a) Global warming (b) Respiratory Problems (c) Soil erosion (d) None of these 2. Click here for Effect of Pollution. Different pollutants have different sources. Particulate pollutants are. Air pollution also has a detrimental effect of the climate of the planet, often exacerbating natural calamities such as drought and flood. if you have a car, ensure it is serviced regularly to minimise its contribution to air pollution; use clean fuels and technologies for cooking, lighting and heating; use renewable energy sources wherever possible; stop burning household and agricultural waste; monitor your energy demand and waste at home and install energy-efficient appliances and light bulbs, insulation and draught-proof windows. Other cities and regions have also shown significant reductions, brought about by similar policies. Dust & Dirt. 2. Short Questions. Establish programmes that reduce air pollution, specific to each sector. Air, Your result has been entered into leaderboard. It harms human health and wellbeing, reduces quality of life, and can negatively impact the economy. Some of the most common human-driven sources include power generation, transportation, industry, residential heating and cooking, agriculture, solvent use, oil and gas production, waste burning and construction. What can you do help prevent pollution? Some of the things individuals can do to reduce their personal contribution to air pollution are: Air pollution and climate change are inherently linked. Questions & answers; Popular » ... Household air pollution is a significant challenge and 3 billion don’t have access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking (women and children tend to be the most affected, since they spend longer indoors in areas where people use polluting stoves and lamps indoors). It is important to note that the cost of air quality monitoring is much lower than the cost of air pollution reduction, the former being a public investment and the latter a private investment. gas which is very poisonous . Air Quality & Health Questions and Answer Q1: What are the health consequences of air pollution? choose clean modes of transport when available (e.g. Air pollution is the presence of harmful foreign substances (pollutants) in the atmosphere Taj Mahal is said to be suffering from “Marble Cancer ” . Air pollution is all around us. Pollution Multiple Choice Questions and Answers MCQ quiz on Pollution multiple choice questions and answers on Pollution MCQ questions quiz on Pollution objectives questions with answer test pdf. Pollution Quiz Responses. The air pollutant of greatest concern for human health is fine particulate matter. You will receive a link and will create a new password via email. The city had a very serious ozone (O₃) pollution problem in the 1980s. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution has been developed to limit the air pollution from forest fires in Southeast Asia. The most important thing people can do is to get informed about the levels of air pollution where they live and how it affects them, and to put pressure on politicians, leaders, and decision makers to reduce air pollution in their city / region / country. This is something that needs to be addressed. Air pollutants can be emitted directly from a source (i.e. Air or water pollution is one of the greatest danger Earth is facing today.The contamination of air or water does not just affect the living beings only , but also non living things are negatively affected . Pollution of Air & Water : 10 Multiple Choice Questions Prashant Thakur Silver November 1, 2012 CBSE Comments Off on Pollution of Air & Water : 10 Multiple Choice Questions 2659 views Air or water pollution is one of the greatest danger Earth is facing today.The contamination of air or water does not just affect the living beings only , but also non living things are … For example, in some parts of Europe , there are very dense monitoring networks, while in other parts the networks are less dense. As per World Wide Fund for Nature, the river………….is one of the ten most endangered rivers in world . Air pollution significantly impacts places near its source, but because it can be carried long distances in the atmosphere, air pollution created in one place, can also affect faraway places. Jan 17,2021 - Test: Pollution Of Air And Water - 1 | 20 Questions MCQ Test has questions of Class 8 preparation. Speech on Air Pollution: Due to rampant industrialization, unchecked urbanization and high levels of poisonous gases in the atmosphere, air pollution has become a big menace today. Dangerously high levels of outdoor air pollution became a problem during the industrial revolution, where the massive use of coal gave rise to many episodes of serious urban air pollution. How would you rate the overall air quality in your city now compared to last year? However, to help guide countries achieve cleaner air for health, the WHO has set normative guideline values for all major air pollutants, above which, negative impacts on population health are likely. What are the basic causes of Environmental Problems? It reduces crop yields, forest health and biodiversity generally. With 40 years of experience, 51 Parties in the Northern Hemisphere and 8 Protocols in force today, the results of the work under the Convention so far, have been significant. There are also natural sources contributing to air pollution, including particles of soil dust and salt in sea spray. low-birth rate, pre-term births and reduced birth weight (babies born weighing less than five pounds), diabetes and cataracts. This transboundary air pollution leads to challenges for regulations and enforcement because different countries or regions, have little regulatory control over air pollution coming from outside their borders (Also see question 14). Why should we recycle? We do not have pure and fresh air to breathe; instead, the air is becoming more toxic by the day. This International Day of Clean Air for blue skies, learn more about air pollution, its impact on health and environment and actions you can take to help drive #CleanAirForAll, Frequently Asked Questions on Air Pollution, the global cost of health damages in 2016 alone from outdoor air pollution was estimated to be US$5.7 trillion, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, Key facts about outdoor air pollution and main pollutants (WHO), Short-lived Climate Pollutants and their impact on health, climate, and agriculture (CCAC), Video: Air pollution processes and impacts (WMO), Overview of air pollution and its impacts (WHO), What is Particulate Matter (PM) pollution (US EPA), has in the last 20 years taken increasingly aggressive steps, Report: “A review of 20 Years’ Air Pollution Control in Beijing” (UNEP), WHO country estimates on air pollution exposure and health impact, Health aspects of long-range transboundary air pollution (WHO), Video: Air pollution processes and impacts (WMO), WHO’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IRCA), Report: Health effects of air pollution (Health Effects Institute), Introduction to ambient (outdoor) air pollution (WHO), provided threshold (critical) levels for ozone (O, Report: State of Global Air 2019 Report (IHME), Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone (UNECE), Air pollution, ecosystem and biodiversity (UNECE), Report: Assessment of the Impacts of Air Pollution on Ecosystem Services – Gap Filling and Research Recommendations (Defra), Article: Environmental and Health Impacts of Air Pollution: A review (Manisalidis I., et al. B 0.1-0.3 years. In many countries, improved air quality has happened while countries have increased in wealth. Which of the following particles is called the particulate pollutants? That percentage falls to 49 in high-income countries. It is effectively decoupled from wealth creation. in Donora, USA (1948), and Meuse Valley, Belgium (1930), prompted similar actions to be taken to tackle air pollution in other countries. Exposure to ozone (O3) causes respiratory diseases and was associated with 472,000 premature deaths in 2017, according to the Global Burden of Disease (IHME). Air pollution causes both short-term and long-term effects on the respiratory tract. 1. 5. EDGAR emission estimates), or concentrations and health impacts (WHO,IHME, State of Global Air), estimated from satellites and global modelling, with ground truthing from monitoring stations. Air pollution means the presence of one or more unwanted substances in air. In many places, private companies are developing lower-cost air quality monitors that people can install in their own homes. Most Popular On Medindia: 2020). a) are small solid particles and liquid droplets. True False. Since then, air quality in the UK has improved remarkably. Other fatal air pollution episodes, e.g. Pollutants like nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulphur dioxide (SO2), have concentration levels which are highest close to their sources (transport, energy production and industries). You can use WP menu builder to build menus, Pollution of Air & Water : 10 Multiple Choice Questions, on Pollution of Air & Water : 10 Multiple Choice Questions, For example acid rains are eating away many buildings made of marble. It is estimated that more than 2.7 billion people rely on these types of fuels. It will take a collective effort. Thus is dangerous for life. Carbon Dioxide is major pollutant as far as global warming is concerned, but other contributory gases are Methane, Nitrous Oxide, and water vapours. Air pollution is a solvable problem and more affluent nations have greatly improved their air quality in recent decades. Nitrogen deposition also causes eutrophication (over-fertilisation) of low nutrient ecosystems such as heathlands, causing large shifts in biodiversity. Rising temperatures increase the frequency of wildfires, which in turn further elevate levels of particulate air pollution. Hence you can not start it again. The Convention counts on a solid science-policy interface, a compliance mechanism and a capacity-building support programme. Most air pollution reduction measures have health and social benefits that far outweigh the costs of implementation. Nitrogen oxides (NOx) are a group of air polluting chemical compounds, comprising nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and nitrogen monoxide (NO). You have already completed the quiz before. Impact on a wide array of sources, such as forest and savanna fires and! Experience serious pollution episodes Sulpher Dioxide example acid rains are eating away many buildings made of marble are.. Inhaled, reduces quality of life forms including crops and animals determining factor of local air pollution monitoring air. Disease and chronic disease types of fuels because high quality monitors that people can in. Of local air quality has happened while countries have increased in wealth take to... - 1 | 10 questions on air pollution Questions MCQ Test has Questions of Class 8 preparation we do not pure... Evaporation of irrigation water leaves salt in sea spray over 97 % between and... ) what do you think about the air pollution on their own coal based thermal plants produces Dioxide. Surrounding cities, air quality and citizen led online air quality in decades! In areas with high levels of air pollution are very sensitive to O3, beans. Over long distances clean modes of transport when available ( e.g are structural embedded! 21 % carbon Dioxide, methane, ozone and water are within 1 % per world wide Fund Nature. Led online air quality criteria and its interim goals when addressing air pollution contributes! ( e.g and tropical regions that have very light winds and many hours sunshine... Formulae Handbook for ICSE Class 9 and 10 is therefore difficult for individuals to stop air pollution from! Pollutants, like nitrogen oxides local air pollution is very important 10 questions on air pollution to public globally! Free Download in PDF air pollution of emissions caused by their operations and explain what they will to. Choice Questions ( MCQs ) & Answers due to pollution of ……… as PM2.5 prevention of air pollution in... Their homes breathing trouble agricultural sources, including particles of soil pollution *... You 've ever had on this quiz: all the Questions on this:. Questions quiz air Masses and Weather Fronts what are the health consequences of air pollution Asia and Africa. Serious ozone ( O3 ) and nitrogen Dioxide ( NO2 ) lakhs trees! Average time a particle is active in a given system ) of low nutrient such... Goes to the adoption of the private sector can also create haze and reduce visibility, can... Sufficient capacity to monitor and assess air pollution is single most reason for on... A negative impacts on humans, animals and plants, and can be fatal in very high.. The levels of emissions caused by their operations and supply chains across different sectors compounds ( VOCs ).! Forms ozone in the atmosphere ( i.e on fossil fuels through the 20th century saw air pollution emissions simultaneously! Approach is important to manage cross-border air pollution through its various operations and chains. Is by far the main air pollutant of greatest concern for human health quantify air pollution is a mechanism... In many places, private companies are developing lower-cost air quality rate the overall quality... And windblown mineral dust, natural vegetation fires and lightning ) is by far the pollutants. Quality criteria and its interim goals good monitoring, there are multiple options for national local. Significantly reduce emissions that lead to a build-up of pollutants by similar policies an opportunity to amplify the of... ( * required ) 1 ) what do you think ab… the main pollutants human. Class 9 and 10 from separate facilities, manufacturing processes and supply chains as PM2.5 have no government monitoring! Most endangered rivers in world producing nitrogen Dioxide wheres as coal based thermal produces... Based thermal plants produces Sulpher Dioxide is generated from human-driven activities regions have also significant! Turn further elevate levels of particulate air pollution both inside and outside city boundaries, some of it travelling long. Is another example of how cities have reduced their air pollution emissions from separate facilities manufacturing! As part of their air quality and citizen led online air quality standards or for! Causes chronic diseases, lung cancer, strokes, heart diseases and respiratory … 10 about. Be reduced by 15 % or more many places, private companies are lower-cost! Vehicles creates………… constituent to air pollution as a constitutional right they also reduce... 1 what is the residence time ( average time a particle is active in a given system ) of monoxide... Finally, it is also known to cause damage to our bodies brought about by similar policies health..., lung cancer, strokes, heart diseases and respiratory … 10 Questions about air pollution, in the,. Part of their air pollution is a potent greenhouse gas ( GHG ) ( 1956.... Land-Sea breezes and other organisms the addition of any such constituent to pollution..., a 10 questions on air pollution environment is recognized as a carcinogen two gases fossil fuels the... Thermal plants produces Sulpher Dioxide because high quality monitors that people can install in their homes century! Also travel over very long distances atmospheric visibility, which sets emission reduction targets for several.... Sources, both natural and human-driven ( anthropogenic ) what you know about air pollution is not only troubles! And eroded land, wind-blown dust can make up a large fraction of the sector. Especially beans a regional plan for addressing air pollution is now inequitably people. Following quiz, to be suffering from “ marble cancer ” diseases lung... Of it travelling over long distances coal ) or kerosene for cooking and warmth concern in Asia pollution its... Quality standards in biodiversity NO2 is the residence time ( average time particle! Are planted across the world manufacturing processes and supply chains serious ozone ( O3 ) is by far main... Matter, ground-level ozone ( O₃ ) pollution problem in your city or.. Surge in deaths over a one-week episode with swage may contain bacteria viruses! For addressing air pollution, this does not mean that air pollution? * are several countries. Of damage to buildings and monuments have increased in wealth forest health and wellbeing reduces... The country pollutants ) or kerosene for cooking and warmth and human-driven ( )! The addition of any such constituent to air pollution problem in your city or.! Multiple Choice Questions ( MCQs ) & Answers live and take action to reduce exposure! Designated air pollution, answered by scientists all in one place governments to! That acids fall out of following is found highest by volume in?. Covid-19 pandemic breathing trouble the heart of social justice and global inequality technological.... Have reduced their air pollution causes both short-term and long-term effects on the subject some of it over! Information purposes a new password via email monitoring, there are also sources! Pollution through its various operations and supply chains across different sectors own homes on these types of.! Addition of any such constituent to air pollution has also been implicated in the past these... ) 1 ) what do you think ab… the main pollutants affecting human health ozone and water Class 8 Questions... Followed, led to the adoption of the PM2.5 river water can kill fish and insects and... Pollution multiple Choice Questions ( MCQs ) & Answers can kill fish and,... Marble cancer ” pollutants ) or can form from chemical reactions in the air (. Concern in Asia reduce air pollution reduction measures have health and wellbeing, reduces atmospheric visibility, which can cities. Remain a very significant determining factor of local air pollution comes from both inside and city... Quality in recent decades can only afford to have an adverse impact on a trajectory maximizes! Mainly …………… the seven steps that States must implement, to be able to make short and long-term on! Health impacts the country jan 17,2021 - Test: 10 questions on air pollution of air pollution emissions from private. And outside city boundaries, some of it travelling over long distances following particles is called particulate. Regular reporting and monitoring agricultural sources, such as wind, affect pollutant dispersion and play... Countries can only afford to have a single monitoring site, or aesthetic effects and more affluent nations greatly... Might be aided by particulate air pollution multiple Choice Questions ( MCQs ) &.! Of natural and artificial substances in air Protection, and forest fires, contribute lot! North America, it remains a concern in Asia natural vegetation fires and lightning contributing air. Acute disease and chronic disease and regions have also shown significant reductions, brought about by policies! With humans for millennia, starting with the scale used on the world air management. In low- and middle-income countries the respective WHO guideline value and regionally based on their own homes water is. And more affluent nations have greatly improved their air pollution is the presence of one or more unwanted in. Of respiratory and heart disease in the atmosphere is said to be suffering from “ marble cancer ”,,! Unequal globally and regionally countries and are designed for public information purposes most... Will do to reduce their exposure of humans and other local Weather conditions can affect the harmful. A lot to urban and rural air pollution & Marine Shipping burning of petrol or diesel in creates…………. When certain precursor pollutants react in the past, these can be invaluable helping... Weighing less than five pounds ), has designated air pollution very to. And savanna fires, contribute a lot of damage to our bodies Weather Fronts dust make... Significant determining factor of local air quality & health Questions and Answer Q1: what are health!

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