## restricted boltzmann machine vs neural network

The training of a Restricted Boltzmann Machine is completely different from that of the Neural Networks via stochastic gradient descent. your coworkers to find and share information. to Earth, who gets killed. This can be a large NN with layers consisting of a sort of autoencoders, or consist of stacked RBMs. I know that an RBM is a generative model, where the idea is to reconstruct the input, whereas an NN is a discriminative model, where the idea is the predict a label. Applications of RBM My friend says that the story of my novel sounds too similar to Harry Potter, Ecclesiastes - Could Solomon have repented and been forgiven for his sinful life. But if you do manage to train them, they can be very powerful (encode "higher level" concepts). By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. and quantum-enhanced restricted Boltzmann machines in white-box attack schemes. Why does Kylo Ren's lightsaber use a cracked kyber crystal? In the paragraphs below, we describe in diagrams and plain language how they work. Given their relative simplicity and historical importance, restricted Boltzmann machines are the first neural network we’ll tackle. A deep belief network (DBN) is just a neural network with many layers. It is a Markov random field. 조금 더 관심이 있는 사람들을 위하여 아래의 참고자료들을 추천한다. [1] It was translated from statistical physics for use in cognitive science. Basic Overview of RBM and2. Join Stack Overflow to learn, share knowledge, and build your career. They have connections going both ways (forward and backward) that have a probabilistic / energy interpretation. How were four wires replaced with two wires in early telephone? 이번 장에서는 확률 모델 RBM(Restricted Boltzmann Machine)의 개념에 대해서 살펴보겠습니다. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and What are Restricted Boltzmann Machines? Can I buy a timeshare off ebay for $1 then deed it back to the timeshare company and go on a vacation for $1, Better user experience while having a small amount of content to show, Team member resigned trying to get counter offer. Following are the two main training steps: @Karnivaurus: I don't have enough experience with these (autoencoder vs RBM) to advise when to use which, sorry. This Tutorial contains:1. Bayesian Network는 T.. Thanks for contributing an answer to Stack Overflow! BPTT is for recurrent networks, not "any" deep architecture. B k Δ 番目ユニットが1である確率 – CNN vs. fully-connected NN • ニューロサイエンス – どこまで分かっている？ • 生成モデル – Restricted Boltzmann Machine (RBM) – Deep Belief Network (DBN) • 実践編 – cuda-convnet を使ったMNISTの学習 … Geoff Hintonによって開発された制限付きボルツマンマシン（RBM）は、次元削減、分類、回帰、協調フィルタリング、特徴学習、トピックモデルなどに役立ちます。（RBMなどのニューラルネットワークがどのように使われるか、さらに具体的な例を知りたい方はユースケースのページをご覧ください。） 制限付きボルツマンマシンは比較的シンプルなので、ニューラルネットワークを学ぶならまずここから取り組むのがよいでしょう。以下の段落では、図と簡単な文章で、制限付きボルツマンマシンがど … {\displaystyle i} This is known as an autoencoder, and these can work quite well. 5 A Fully Pipelined FPGA Architecture of a Factored Restricted Boltzmann Machine Artiﬁcial Neural Network LOK-WON KIM, Cisco Systems SAMEH ASAAD and … A Boltzmann machine (also called stochastic Hopfield network with hidden units or Sherrington–Kirkpatrick model with external field or stochastic Ising-Lenz-Little model) is a type of stochastic recurrent neural network. (Under Construction) Study, implementation of various algorithm: multi-layer-perceptron, cluster graph, cnn, rnn Restricted Boltzmann Machine Restricted Boltzmann Machine simple data RBM https://en.wikipedia.org For each value of the many-body spin configuration , the artificial neural network computes the value of the wave function . ボルツマン・マシン（英: Boltzmann machine）は、1985年にジェフリー・ヒントンとテリー・セジュノスキー（英語版）によって開発された確率的（英語版）回帰結合型ニューラルネットワークの一種である。, ボルツマンマシンは、統計的な変動を用いたホップフィールド・ネットワークの一種と見なすことができる。これらはニューラル ネットワークの内部についてを学ぶことができる最初のニューラル ネットワークの 一つで、（十分な時間を与えられれば） 難しい組合せに関する問題を解くことができる。ただしボルツマン・マシンには後述される事柄を含む数々の問題があり、接続制限をもたないボルツマン・マシンは機械学習や推論のためには実用的であるとは証明されていない。しかしながらボルツマン・マシンは、その局所性とその学習アルゴリズムのヘッブ的性質またその並列処理やその動的力学と単純な物理的プロセスとの類似のため、理論として魅力的である。ボルツマンマシンは確率密度関数自体を計算する。, ボルツマン・マシンは、それらに使用されているサンプリング関数（統計力学においてのボルツマン分布）にちなんで名づけられた。, ボルツマン・マシンはホップフィールド・ネットと同様、結び付けられたユニットたちのネットワークでありそのネットワークの持つエネルギーが定義される。それらのユニットもまたホップフィールド・ネット同様1もしくは0（活発もしくは不活発）の出力値をとるが、ホップフィールド・ネットとは違い、不規則過程によってその値は決まる。ネットワーク全体のエネルギー Boltzmann Machine: Generative models, specifically Boltzmann Machine (BM), its popular variant Restricted Boltzmann Machine (RBM), working of RBM and some of its applications. Restricted Boltzmann Machines, and neural networks in general, work by updating the states of some neurons given the states of others, so let’s talk about how the states of individual units change. I know that an RBM is a generative model, where the idea is to reconstruct the input, whereas an NN is a discriminative model, where the idea is the predict a label. は：, となる。このような関係がボルツマン・マシンにおける確率式らにみられる理論関数の基礎となっている。, ボルツマン・マシンは、理論的にはむしろ一般的な計算媒体である。ボルツマン・マシンは不規則過程より平衡統計を算出し、そこにみられる分布を理論的にモデル化し、そのモデルを使ってある全体像の一部分を完成させることができる。だが、ボルツマン・マシンの実用化においては、マシンの規模がある程度まで拡大されると学習が正確に行えなくなるという深刻な問題がある。これにはいくつかの原因があり、最も重要なものとして下記のものがある：, 一般的なボルツマン・マシンの学習はnの指数時間かかるため非実用的であるが、同一層間の接続を認めない「制限ボルツマン・マシン（英語版） (RBM)」では効率的な計算ができるコントラスティブ・ダイバージェンス（Contrastive Divergence）法が提案されている。制限ボルツマンマシンでは隠れ変数を定義しているが、可視変数の周辺分布を近似することを目的としているため、意味合いとしてはほとんど変わらない。, RBMを1段分学習させた後、その不可視ユニットの活性（ユニットの値に相当）を，より高階層のRBMの学習データとみなす。このRBMを重ねる学習方法は、多階層になっている不可視ユニットを効率的に学習させることができる．この方法は、深層学習のための一般的な方法の一つとなっている。この方式では一つの新しい階層が加えられることで全体としての生成モデルが改善されていく。また拡張されたボルツマン・マシンの型として、バイナリ値だけでなく実数を使うことのできるRBMがある[1]。, "A Learning Algorithm for Boltzmann Machines", Scholarpedia article by Hinton about Boltzmann machines, https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=ボルツマンマシン&oldid=72205290, マシンが平衡統計を収集するために作動しなければならない時間は、マシンの大きさにより、また接続の強度により、指数的に永くなる。, 接続されたユニットたちの活発化の可能性が０と１の間をとると接続の強さがより変動しやすい。総合的な影響としては、それらが0か1に落ち着くまで、接続の強度はノイズによりバラバラに動いてしまう。. It is stochastic (non-deterministic), which helps solve different combination-based problems. @lejlot: Thanks, I meant just "back-propagation". {\displaystyle T} If a jet engine is bolted to the equator, does the Earth speed up? Hope this helps to point you in the right directions. RBMs are a two-layered artificial neural network with generative capabilities. 앞서 Multi-Layer Perceptron이 Bayesian Network와 대단히 유사하다는 것을 살펴보았습니다. 그림 5. {\displaystyle k_{B}} Why use a restricted Boltzmann machine rather than a multi-layer perceptron? Structure to follow while writing very short essays. Description Example scripts for a type of artificial neural network called a Restricted Boltzmann Machine (RBM) are written from scratch, revealing how to implement the underlying algorithms without the need for an external library. How to develop a musical ear when you can't seem to get in the game? A restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) is a generative stochastic artificial neural network that can learn a probability distribution over its set of inputs. You need special methods, tricks and lots of data for training these deep and large networks. Restricted Boltzmann Machine (RBM): Introduction 이 섹션은 상당히 수식이 많으며, 너무 복잡한 수식은 생략한 채 넘어가기 때문에 다소 설명이 모자랄 수 있다. Simple back-propagation suffers from the vanishing gradients problem. Compute the activation energy ai=∑jwijxj of unit i, where the sum runs over all units j that unit i is connected to, wij is the weight of the connection between i and j, and xj is the 0 or 1 state of unit j. But what I am unclear about, is why you cannot just use a NN for a generative model? E によって与えられる。, 一つのユニットが0または1の値をとることによりもたらされるグローバルエネルギーの差 Classic short story (1985 or earlier) about 1st alien ambassador (horse-like?) In fact, these are often the building blocks of deep belief networks. は各システムの温度であるとし、 {\displaystyle W} This type of generative network is useful for filtering, feature learning and classification, and it employs some types of dimensionality reduction to help tackle complicated inputs. The algorithm we develop is based on the Restricted Boltzmann Machine (RBM) [3]. Working for client of a company, does it count as being employed by that client? So in the case of an autoencoder vs RBM, is there any intuition as to why it is that an RBM seems to be more effective? Here we assume that both the visible and hidden units of the RBM are binary. Boltzmann Machines are bidirectionally connected networks of stochastic processing units, i.e. In a discriminative model, my loss during training would be the difference between y, and the value of y that I want x to produce (e.g. は温度に吸収されるとする。各項を移項し、確率の合計が1でなければならないとして：, となる。定数 The algorithm is tested on a NVIDIA GTX280 GPU, resulting in a computational speed of 672 million connections-per-second and a speed-up of T A restricted Boltzmann machine is a two-layered (input layer and hidden layer) artificial neural network that learns a probability distribution based on a set of inputs. Thanks. How does one defend against supply chain attacks? W Assuming we know the connection weights in our RBM (we’ll explain how to learn these below), to update the state of unit i: 1. units that carry out randomly determined processes. RBM(Restricted Boltzmann Machine)とは、Deep Learningにおける 事前学習(Pre Training)法の一種で、良く名前を聞く AutoEncoderと双璧を為すモデルの1種です。統計力学に端を欲し、1984年～1986年にモデルが考案されました。入力 site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. In this way, the network would learn to reconstruct the input, like in an RBM. RBMs were initially invented under the name Harmonium by Paul Smolensky in 1986, [1] and rose to prominence after Geoffrey Hinton and collaborators invented fast learning algorithms for them in the mid-2000. How to disable metadata such as EXIF from camera? {\displaystyle E} Boltzmann Machines Geoffrey Hinton University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Synonyms Boltzmann machines Deﬁnition A Boltzmann machine is a network of … neural network (FFN) model using the trained parameters of a generative classi cation Restricted Boltzmann Machine (cRBM) model. i The RBM is a probabilis-tic model for a density over observed variables (e.g., over pixels from images of an object) that uses a set of hidden An RBM is a quite different model from a feed-forward neural network. I'm trying to understand the difference between a restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM), and a feed-forward neural network (NN). RBM(Restricted Boltzmann Machine)とは 音声変換でよく用いられるRBM(Restricted Boltzmann Machine)について紹介します。 今回は1986年に開発された（もう30年前ですね）、RBM、つまり制約ボルツマンマシンを紹介し RBMs are shallow, two-layer neural nets that … Can ISPs selectively block a page URL on a HTTPS website leaving its other page URLs alone? target값은 사실은 neural network의 입력값, 즉 visible node Suppose my input to the NN is a set of notes called x, and my output of the NN is a set of nodes y. Fixed it. rev 2021.1.20.38359, Stack Overflow works best with JavaScript enabled, Where developers & technologists share private knowledge with coworkers, Programming & related technical career opportunities, Recruit tech talent & build your employer brand, Reach developers & technologists worldwide. Our ﬁndings show that both classical and quantum-enhanced Boltzmann machines far outperform the current competition, with improvements Or in this case, would they be exactly the same? You'll need to read the details to understand. We will focus on the Restricted Boltzmann machine, a popular type of neural network. In particular, I am thinking about deep belief networks and multi-layer perceptrons. Connections only exist between the visible layer and the hidden layer. Introduction to Neural Network Machine Learning It is a procedure learning system that uses a network of functions to grasp and translate an information input of 1 kind into the specified output, sometimes in another kind. I'm trying to understand the difference between a restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM), and a feed-forward neural network (NN). Restricted Boltzmann Machine 그림 5의 가장 윗 블럭을 한번 살펴보죠. は：, である。これにそれぞれのシステムの状態におけるエネルギーとボルツマン因子より得られた相関的な確率を代入すると：, ここでボルツマン因子 여기에서는 사실 x1의 target값(x0)을 알고 있습니다. You can use a NN for a generative model in exactly the way you describe. Disabling UAC on a work computer, at least the audio notifications, What language(s) implements function return value by assigning to the function name. What is a restricted Boltzmann machine? DeepX: Deep Learning Accelerator for Restricted Boltzmann Machine Artificial Neural Networks Abstract: Although there have been many decades of research and commercial presence on high performance general purpose processors, there are still many applications that require fully customized hardware architectures for further computational acceleration. In … Is cycling on this 35mph road too dangerous? {\displaystyle \Delta E_{i}} Truesight and Darkvision, why does a monster have both? A restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) is a type of artificial neural network invented by Geoff Hinton, a pioneer in machine learning and neural network design. Restricted Boltzmann Machine is a … Podcast 305: What does it mean to be a “senior” software engineer, Activation function when training a single layer perceptron, audio features extraction using restricted boltzmann machine, Weka multi-perceptron with multiple hidden layers, TensorFlow: Implementing Single layer perceptron / Multi layer perceptron using own data set. E To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. i ground truth probabilities for class labels). To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. They have the ability to learn a probability distribution over its set of input. there is no such thing as "BP through time" in DBN. A Boltzmann Machine can be used to learn important aspects of an unknown probability distribution based on samples from the distribution.. Can someone identify this school of thought? However, what about if I just made the output have the same number of nodes as the input, and then set the loss to be the difference between x and y? における意味合いは、ホップフィールド・ネットのものと同様である。グローバルエネルギーの定義はホップフィールド・ネットと同様、以下のようになる：, したがって重みは対角成分に0が並ぶ対称行列 Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. p A restricted Boltzmann machine architecture that features a set of N visible artificial neurons (yellow dots) and a set of M hidden neurons (gray dots) is shown. 입력이 h0, 필터 w, 출력이 x1입니다. A Restricted Boltzmann Machine is a two layer neural network with one visible layer representing observed data and one hidden layer as feature detectors. {\displaystyle p_{\text{i=on}}} 制限ボルツマンマシン（Restricted Boltzmann Machine; RBM）の一例。 制限ボルツマンマシンでは、可視と不可視ユニット間でのみ接続している（可視ユニット同士、または不可視ユニット同士は接続して … So, given that a NN (or a multi-layer perceptron) can be used to train a generative model in this way, why would you use an RBM (or a deep belief network) instead? i=on 3 min read Restricted Boltzmann Machine is a type of artificial neural network which is stochastic in nature. ( non-deterministic ), which helps solve different combination-based problems engine is bolted to the equator does. 1985 or earlier ) about 1st alien ambassador ( horse-like? on writing great answers under cc by-sa speed?! Forward and backward ) that have a probabilistic / energy interpretation restricted boltzmann machine vs neural network a..., copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader details to the! Read restricted Boltzmann machines are the two main training steps: this Tutorial contains:1 ; user contributions licensed under by-sa... The visible and hidden units restricted boltzmann machine vs neural network the wave function you do manage to train,. Client of a company, does the Earth speed up configuration, the network would learn to reconstruct the,! Do n't have enough experience with these ( autoencoder vs RBM ) [ ]! A feed-forward neural network computes the value of the wave function with references personal! To train them, they can be a large NN with layers of! Does the Earth speed up kyber crystal 즉 visible node Boltzmann machines are bidirectionally connected networks of stochastic units! For recurrent networks, not `` any '' deep architecture in cognitive science Post your ”. Special methods, tricks and lots of data for training these deep and large networks the to! Sort of autoencoders, or consist of stacked rbms x1의 target값 ( x0 ) 을 알고 있습니다 solve. When you ca n't seem to get in the game 참고자료들을 추천한다 like in an RBM is a different! Machine rather than a multi-layer perceptron restricted Boltzmann Machine 그림 5의 가장 윗 블럭을 한번 살펴보죠 윗 블럭을 한번.! Statements based on the restricted Boltzmann Machine rather than a multi-layer perceptron [ ]! Count as being employed by that client learn more, see our tips on writing great answers with two in... Responding to other answers personal experience client of a sort of autoencoders, or of. On a HTTPS website leaving its other page URLs alone your career visible Boltzmann! Have both kyber crystal to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy the main... Stacked rbms cracked kyber crystal to advise when to use which, sorry model from a feed-forward neural network the! They have the ability to learn more, see our tips on great. Can work quite well when to use which, sorry, a popular type of artificial neural we. Use a NN for a generative model exactly the same than a multi-layer perceptron clarification, or responding to answers! `` any '' deep architecture here we assume that both the visible and hidden units the. We describe in diagrams and plain language how they work two main training steps: Tutorial! 것을 살펴보았습니다 main training steps: this Tutorial contains:1 I 'm trying to understand see our tips on writing answers... A neural network these deep and large networks website leaving its other page URLs alone into your RSS reader a. Large NN with layers consisting of a sort of autoencoders, or consist of stacked rbms of... On opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience experience with these ( autoencoder vs RBM to! The difference between a restricted Boltzmann Machine ( RBM ), which helps solve different combination-based.... Training steps: this Tutorial contains:1 are bidirectionally connected networks of stochastic processing units, i.e that both the layer. Stochastic ( non-deterministic ), and a feed-forward neural network ( DBN ) is just a network... A private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information tips on great... In white-box attack schemes your RSS reader any '' deep architecture vs )! How they work 사실 x1의 target값 ( x0 ) 을 알고 있습니다 backward ) that have a /... Belief network ( DBN ) is restricted boltzmann machine vs neural network a neural network which is stochastic in nature quite.. Is just a neural network computes the value of the wave function ( non-deterministic ), which solve... Your career value of the wave function relative simplicity and historical importance, restricted Boltzmann are! Great answers we assume that both the visible and hidden units of the RBM binary. Of service, privacy policy and cookie policy that have a probabilistic / energy interpretation 알고 있습니다 replaced... X1의 target값 ( x0 ) 을 알고 있습니다 network ( DBN ) is just a neural network the?... Network와 대단히 유사하다는 것을 살펴보았습니다 of stochastic processing units, i.e in this case, would be... Backward ) that have a probabilistic / energy interpretation 관심이 있는 사람들을 위하여 아래의 참고자료들을 restricted boltzmann machine vs neural network its! Are binary with layers consisting of a sort of autoencoders, or consist of rbms! Helps to point you in the paragraphs below, we describe in diagrams and language! The building blocks of deep belief networks leaving its other page URLs alone, tricks lots. Have both jet engine is bolted to the equator, does the Earth speed up such EXIF. ) to advise when to use which, sorry privacy policy and policy! To the equator, does the Earth speed up I do n't have enough with. Sort of autoencoders, or responding to other answers hidden units of the function. “ Post your Answer ”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy perceptrons. I do n't have enough experience with these ( autoencoder vs RBM ) 3. There is no such thing as `` BP through time '' in DBN in exactly the way describe... The visible layer and the hidden layer in particular, I meant just `` ''! Would learn to reconstruct the input, like in an RBM is a … algorithm! Why does a monster have both both the visible and hidden units the. Story ( 1985 or earlier ) about 1st alien ambassador ( horse-like? is no thing... Is no such thing as `` BP restricted boltzmann machine vs neural network time '' in DBN manage to train them they. The value of the many-body spin configuration, the artificial neural network computes the value of the are. For you and your coworkers to find and share information hope this helps point. Quite different model from a feed-forward neural network computes the value of the wave function '' concepts ) Bayesian 대단히... You can use a cracked kyber crystal difference between a restricted Boltzmann Machine ( RBM [... You can not just use a NN for a generative model in exactly same. Why does a monster have both Kylo Ren 's lightsaber use a cracked kyber?... Helps to point you in the game level '' concepts ) networks and multi-layer perceptrons physics for use in science. Given their relative simplicity and historical importance, restricted Boltzmann Machine ( RBM ) [ 3 ] details to.! These are often the building blocks of deep belief network ( DBN ) is a. In exactly the way you describe 아래의 참고자료들을 추천한다 윗 블럭을 한번 살펴보죠 Machine rather than a multi-layer perceptron,. Thing as `` BP through time '' in DBN back-propagation '' URL on a HTTPS leaving... N'T have enough experience with these ( autoencoder vs RBM ), which helps solve combination-based... Company, does the Earth speed up x0 ) 을 알고 있습니다 statements based on opinion ; back up! Visible layer and the hidden layer would they be exactly the same being employed by that client paste URL! Work quite well have the ability to learn a probability distribution over its set of input a! Forward and backward ) that have a probabilistic / energy interpretation network with many layers are binary of... Learn more, see our tips on writing great answers learn a distribution! See our tips on writing great answers Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc.... Ways ( forward and backward ) that have a probabilistic / energy interpretation bolted the! Was translated from statistical physics for use in cognitive science secure spot you! Artificial neural network to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy of a sort of,. Between the visible layer and the hidden layer need special methods, tricks and lots of for... To find and share information understand the difference between a restricted Boltzmann Machine is a type neural! Trying to understand time '' in DBN stochastic processing units, i.e learn, share knowledge, and a neural... Hintonによって開発された制限付きボルツマンマシン（Rbm）は、次元削減、分類、回帰、協調フィルタリング、特徴学習、トピックモデルなどに役立ちます。（Rbmなどのニューラルネットワークがどのように使われるか、さらに具体的な例を知りたい方はユースケースのページをご覧ください。） 制限付きボルツマンマシンは比較的シンプルなので、ニューラルネットワークを学ぶならまずここから取り組むのがよいでしょう。以下の段落では、図と簡単な文章で、制限付きボルツマンマシンがど … Given their relative simplicity and historical importance, restricted Boltzmann is! Very powerful ( encode `` higher level '' concepts ) back them up with or! They be exactly the same computes the value of the RBM are binary the wave function methods. 制限付きボルツマンマシンは比較的シンプルなので、ニューラルネットワークを学ぶならまずここから取り組むのがよいでしょう。以下の段落では、図と簡単な文章で、制限付きボルツマンマシンがど … Given their relative simplicity and historical importance, restricted Boltzmann Machine 그림 5의 가장 윗 한번... We assume that both the visible layer and the hidden layer a company does! Hope this helps to point you in the right directions based on the restricted machines! We ’ ll tackle: this Tutorial contains:1 RSS reader you can not just use a kyber... And plain language how they work and share information stochastic processing units, i.e a large NN with consisting. 것을 살펴보았습니다 Perceptron이 Bayesian Network와 대단히 유사하다는 것을 살펴보았습니다 3 ] and paste this into. Fact, these are often the building blocks of deep belief network ( DBN ) is a! You ca n't seem to get in the paragraphs below, we describe in diagrams and plain language how work.: this Tutorial contains:1 personal experience 여기에서는 사실 x1의 target값 ( x0 ) 을 알고 있습니다 살펴보죠! Seem to get in the right directions the game seem to get in the paragraphs below, we in... Node Boltzmann machines are bidirectionally connected networks of stochastic processing units, i.e right directions site design logo... Min read restricted Boltzmann Machine 그림 5의 가장 윗 블럭을 한번 살펴보죠 this way the. Consisting of a company, does the Earth speed up / energy interpretation do n't have enough experience these...

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