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    livelihood diversification pdf

    Therefore, this study was conducted to empirically analyse the effect of livelihood METHODOLOGY: The study is based on fieldwork conducted in Barbaruah Block of Dibrugarh district, Assam, during the months of July 2015 to August 2015. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Livelihood diversification strategies, incomes and soil management strategies: a case study from Kerio Valley, Kenya @article{Iiyama2008LivelihoodDS, title={Livelihood diversification strategies, incomes and soil management strategies: a case study from Kerio Valley, Kenya}, author={M. Iiyama and Patrick N. Kariuki and P. Kristjanson and S. Kaitibie and J. Thus, rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods. Livelihood diversification has long been used and promoted as a strategy for increasing incomes and managing risk among poor and vulnerable households. Some … 2 A. Furthermore, it is crucial to recognize that rural people have their own strategies to secure their … After thorough reading, 42 papers were used to review out of 182 papers. Conversely, the identification of a particular niche commodity (e.g. Rural livelihood diversity to manage economic shocks: Evidence from south-east Zimbabwe, Social Protection and Vulnerability to Climate Shocks: a Panel Data Evidence from Rural Ethiopia, Land Access and Livelihood Strategies in Mvomero District Tanzania, Livelihood diversification strategies, incomes and soil management strategies: a case study from Kerio Valley, Kenya. PDF | Diversification of livelihood activities minimizes households’ vulnerability to shocks by reducing income variability. The distinction is made between diversification of necessity and diversification by choice. Logistic Econometric Model Results Cumulative Frequency Percent In order to examine the role of livelihood Percent On- farm 148 41.69 41.69 diversification strategies for rural household food security On farm + off farm 80 22.54 64.23 in … These include activity or environment diversification in … For instance, in particular circumstance migratory wage labor may result so cost/effective to push the household away from conventional on-farm activities. Clearly, efforts to increase short-term … designed to address any vulnerability of enhance livelihoods perhaps by diversification of income streams. Livelihood diversification enables rural household farmers to device other means to promote their level of income and minimize susceptibility to different livelihood shocks. By KEMERIA BARSENGA KEDIR Submitted in part fulfilment of the requirements For the degree of MASTER IN HUMAN ECOLOGY At the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA Metadata Show full item record. Thus, the results of this study suggested that there is … Journal of African Economies 20(5) 781–822. DOI: 10.1002/JID.1419 Corpus ID: 54075370. The analysis focuses on a … livelihoods diversification and alternative livelihoods in the drylands of eastern Africa. This focuses on assessing the contribution and impact of predominant livelihood diversification strategies in study area. @inproceedings{Gemtessa2007LivelihoodDI, title={Livelihood diversification in Borana pastoral communities of Ethiopia - prospects and challenges}, author={K. Gemtessa and E. Bezabih and W. Tiki}, year={2007} } K. Gemtessa, E. Bezabih, W. Tiki; Published 2007; Geography; This paper analyzes the livelihood of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia. LIVELIHOODS DIVERSIFICATION ANALYSIS (LDA) FINAL REPORT APRIL 25, 2017 This publication was produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development. LIVELIHOODS AND COPING STRATEGIES OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN ABELA LIDA PEASANT ASSOCIATION OF SHEBEDINO DISTRICT, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA. 2 Professor, Institute of Development Studies, The University of … this „resilience‟ to stress and shocks is the diversification of elements that comprise „livelihood‟. Nelson, John. By applying a … Households diversify their livelihoods as a means of satisfying their basic needs and also to achieve the livelihood objectives in the long run. Muhammad Israr 1,, Humayun Khan 2, Dawood Jan 3, Nafees Ahmad 4. The aim of this … 3.2 Rural livelihoods diversification. determinants of livelihood diversification among rural households in Kwara State and specifically, to identify the pattern of livelihood diversification and determine the level of diversification. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. 2007). Livelihood diversification is commonly accepted as the promising strategy to escape from such type of shocks and to transform the rural economy. DECLARATION I, Admiral Ncube … 1 Assistant Professor and Head of Department, Department of Rural Development, Amir Muhammad Khan Campus, Mardan, The University of Agriculture-Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan. Diversification out of agricultural production is also consistent with trends and the evidence-based vision for rural transformation laid out in the U.S. Government’s Global Food Security Strategy (GFSS). The result generated through review may be important for development practitioners, researchers and … (ii) Organization of this paper This paper reviews some of the broad theoretical and case-study based literature on various forms of livelihood diversification in rural areas of … To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. After thorough reading, 42 papers were used to review out of 182 papers. To learn more, view our. more livelihood diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in SSA. Both qualitative and quantitative methods … 2Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Therefore, environmental managers often include livelihood diversification strategies in integrated resource management programs. The LDA study, implemented between November 2016 and February … Livelihood diversification interests and barriers to uptake for target populations: What are the economic and vocational visions and aspirations of population sub-groups of interest, and their perceived challenges and barriers to diversifying away from traditional climate-dependent livelihoods? Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. Owning higher number of livestock and larger size of farm land with better access to improved seed and family labor use helps rural households significantly improve their farm income in particular and household total income in general. LIVELIHOODS DIVERSIFICATION ANALYSIS (LDA) STUDY REPORT … The study employed … IJAAR 5 (2017) 82-88 ISSN 2053-1265 Determinants of livelihood diversification among rural households in Kwara State, Nigeria Ayantoye K.1, Amao J. O.2* and Fanifosi G. E.2 1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria. Understanding how livelihood diversification contributes to long-term non-migration decisions of people at risks is innovative and timely in the context of future climate change adaptation planning. In addition, multiple employments is also a potential livelihood strategy on part of the rural people when the farm does not provide an adequate amount of income to the peasant families (Dharmawan, 1994; Upton, 1996). This paper analyzes the livelihood of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia. REVIEW ON DETERMINANTS OF SUSTAINABLE RURAL LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION OF SMALL HOLDER FARMERS IN ETHIOPIA. Rural livelihood diversification is then defined as ‘the process by which households construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities for survival and in order to improve their standard of living’ (see also Ellis, 1998; Ellis, forthcoming). However, the relationship between … You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Stakeholders’ consultations were carried out at community, district, and regional levels. In this sense they are pushed into … Livelihood Diversification: A Streatagy for Rural Income Enhancement. The differences between livelihood diversification and income diversification is that; livelihood diversification includes non-monetary activities as well as income earning activities, hence it is a broader concept than income diversification (Harris-Coble, 2017). In this sense, rural livelihoods are not limited just to income derived solely from farming but it is a holistic way of looking on their livelihood strategies. {13.2.1, 13.3} • Changing climate trends lead to shifts in rural livelihoods with mixed outcomes, such … However, as the success rate of these approaches falls short of expectations, questions … The rural people are looking for diverse opportunities to increase and stabilize their incomes, which are determined by their portfolio of assets … Household livelihood diversification is a strategy to minimize risk and uncertainty. Such models approximate … With respect to ecosystem-based livelihoods, there is more household participation in fishing and seaweed farming, but it varies from village to village. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Therefore, in order to address the role of livelihood diversification strategies to rural household food security (i.e. It focuses on existing literature and on three case studies: (1) Karamoja, northeastern Uganda; (2) Borana Zone, southern Ethiopia; and (3) Garissa County, northeastern Kenya. The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. For the poorest, who have the least capacity to effectively manage risk, diversification may be a response to constraints imposed upon them by increasing climate risk. Livelihood diversification among rural households in developing countries as a research topic has received quite some attention in the development economics literature (Damite and Negatu, 2004; Ellis, 2000). This reading provides an example of analysis of diversification among primarily rural households in Zambia. … Ample studies conducted about livelihood diversification in rural Ethiopia were limited to determinants and measuring its extent rather than investigating how it influences other equally important welfare outcomes like food security. Author. On the other hand livelihood diversification is viewed as a residual sector that offers no more than a ‘bargain basement’ for distress or … Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. According to Lawal and Omonona … 1,2,3 . Livelihood diversification would include both on- and off-farm activities undertaken to generate income additional to that from the main household agricultural activities. The Sustainable Livelihoods Enhancement and Diversification SLED approach (SLED) has been developed by IMM Ltd. through building on the lessons of past livelihoods research projects and worldwide experience in livelihood improvement and participatory development practice. The project will focus on building and Rural livelihoods diversification has generally occurred as a result of an increased importance of off-farm wage labor in household livelihood portfolio or through the development of new forms of on-farm/on-site production of non-conventional marketable commodities. The tendency for rural households to engage in multiple occupations is oft remarked, but few attempts have been made to link this behaviour in a systematic … However, putting SLA into practice is not as … As far as strategies are concerned, Scoones (1998) and Ellis, (2000) considered agricultural intensification 1, livelihood diversification and migration as the three core Agriculture in developing countries is unable to meet food needs of rural people. Diversification of livelihoods is a recurrently applied approach for cushioning economic and environmental shocks on the path to improving food security. Livelihood diversification is a strategy that can boost farmers’ income and promote sustainable land management practices. livelihoods, such as losses in crop yields, destroyed homes, food insecurity, and loss of sense of place, and indirectly through increased food prices (robust evidence , high agreement ). livelihood diversification is not necessarily synonymous with income diversification. Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. In the case of fragile region like Jammu and Kashmir, this strategy is especially important. Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living. Impact . the households’ level of livelihood diversification. However, income diversification refers to the process by which … There are a lot of pushes and pull factors that affect rural livelihood diversification. Livelihood diversification is beneficial to mitigate economic and environmental risks and to improve livelihood sustainability and regional sustainable development. This paper attempts to understand broadly the dynamics of rural livelihood diversification in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. livelihood diversification strategies on selected rural tribal communities. Sustainable enterprises provide a strong tool for livelihood development, but are still unable to find pathway towards development of ecosystem services and sustainable enterprises in coastal communities in Zanzibar. Income diversification is sometimes used interchangeable with livelihood diversification in literature. This study was conducted to assess the various factors that affect households’ decisions on livelihood diversifications the case of Kuormuk and Homosha districts of Assosa zone, Beneshangul Gumuz regional state, western Ethiopia. The determinants and effects of diversification in the areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender are examined. Livelihood diversification is a process by which rural households construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and improvement in their standards of living [] and the means of gaining a living [].It can be defined as the maintenance and continuous alteration of highly varied range of activities and occupations to minimize household … These typically seek to provide farmer populations with access to new or expanded non-farm opportunities, such as … 3. Keywords: Livelihood Diversification, Women Empowerment, Self-Help Groups, Micro Credit 1. This paper explores just one facet of livelihood diversity, namely the reasons for households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies. Abstract. Livelihood diversification is defined as the “process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and in order to improve their standards of living” (Ellis, 1998). Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google. Jude Ndzifon Kimengsi, Alfred Kechia Mukong, Roland Azibo Balgah, Livelihood Diversification and Household Well-Being: Insights and Policy Implications for Forest-Based Communities in Cameroon, Society & Natural Resources, 10.1080/08941920.2020.1769243, (1-20), (2020). This study examines the role of livelihood diversification in promoting household food security with particular reference to Hurungwe District in Zimbabwe. It is known as the sum of the squares … Wp69.pdf (84.94Kb) Date 1998. livelihood diversification strategies. A 1.0% increase in livelihood diversification will lead to 3.9% increase in income signifying an elastic relationship. This second set of issues represents the entry point of this article, namely, to highlight the differ-ent livelihood diversifi cation trends and strategies practiced by rural dwellers, and identify the key determinants of these strategies to inform the development of appro-priate policies for poverty reduction. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Furthermore, fisheries and tourism are the Over the past three decades scholars and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification as a strategy for sustainable resource exploitation and improved wellbeing. This study particularly examines this question and explores how and to what extent livelihood diversification in the face of climate change can support long-term non-migration for people living in … diversification strategies Livelihood Diversification Strategies 4.2. … and Ellis, (2000) considered agricultural intensification 1, livelihood diversification and migration as the three core livelihood strategies. Livelihood diversification includes both on and off-farm activities which are undertaken to generate additional income from the major agricultural activities, via the production of subsidiary agricultural and non-agricultural goods and services, the sale of wage labor, or self-employment in small firms, and other strategies undertaken to minimize risk. Distribution of sampled household by livelihood livelihood strategies of off farm/non-farm activities. To learn more, view our, Research Title Profitability of Garri Processing in Owerri North Local Government Area of Imo State, Poverty in the midst of plenty: the challenges of farming households in Nigeria, EFFECT OF LIVELIHOOD INCOME ACTIVITIES ON FOOD SECURITY STATUS OF RURAL FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN YOLA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA. This is the approach taken in this paper. Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. Diversification of livelihoods is essential The study Thus SLA could be said to be a practical framework for evidence-based intervention and has much logic resting behind it, especially in a world undergoing rapid change and where resources to support development interventions are inevitably limited. Livelihood diversification (or occupational diversification or off-farm diversification – we use the terms interchangeably), is one of the most remarkable characteristics of rural livelihoods. The report emphasizes households and communities that are combining pastoralism with other livelihood activities or have moved out of … Salam et al. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. The results show that livelihood diversification is very high in coastal households in Zanzibar. The aims of the review were to: (1) Identify livelihood diversification strategies and (2) Review determinant and challenges of rural livelihood diversification strategies. Livelihood diversification strategies, including crop, labour and income diversification, are important in these contexts, although the motivations and outcomes may vary significant. Just prior to publication of the White Paper Carney (1998) provides a simpler vision but also one which has resonance with that of Chambers and Conway: “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and (2019) also conducted a study on the impact of income diversification on rural livelihood in some selected areas of Bangladesh. Livelihood diversification is a strategy that can boost farmers’ income and promote sustainable land management practices. During the pilot study, it is found that Barbarua Block of Dibrugarh district has the … Although still of central importance, farming on its own is increasingly unable to provide a sufficient means of survival in rural areas. assessing the relationship between livelihood diversification strategies and household food security) logistic regression model was used. It was prepared by Lauren Persha, William Farrell, NORC at the University of Chicago for Management Systems International, A Tetra Tech Company. It is relevant to discussion of livelihoods diversification in Section 2. This paper examines livelihood diversification as a survival strategy of rural households in developing countries. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Unsettled herder households (UHH), settled herder households (SHH) and farmer households (FH) are different household types in far northwestern China whose livelihood diversification has not been fully explored. INTRODUCTION The concept of livelihood diversification1 is emerging as a survival strategy of rural households in developing countries (Ellis 2000; Bryceson 2000). The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. In light of these, this study … livelihoods and the consequent strategies employed by rural households. Livelihood diversification has been defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and in order to improve their standards of living [7]. Diversification can be non-farm (non-agricultural enterprises) or off-farm activities where rural income is earned in the rural area. Bigsten A, Tengstam S (2011) Smallholder diversification and income growth in Zambia. For instance in Pakistan, rural households commonly … (PDF) AN ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION ON THE FOOD SECURITY STATUS OF THE RURAL FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN UDI L.G.A OF ENUGU STATE | TJPRC Publication - Academia.edu Diversification of livelihoods is a recurrently applied approach for cushioning economic and environmental shocks on the path to improving food security. The study employed Participatory Rural Appraisal and survey methods. Ethiopia’s agricultural productivity is considered low despite the presence of various agricultural policies. The paper’s objectives are first, to increase awareness of livelihood diversification in Then 2SLS model was employed to detect the effects of CEI on household income. These policies focus mainly on on-farm agricultural development to the neglect of rich opportunities for non-agricultural livelihood diversification activities. Livelihood diversification in South Africa has become a norm for most of the rural households as a strategy to cope with the growing population and the rate at which poverty is rising among the households (Munhenga, 2014). Theoretical framework Herfindahl index Measuring the size of firms in relation to the industry and an indicator of the amount of competition those firms is termed Herfindahl index. Before the commencement of fieldwork, a pilot study is conducted during the month of June 2015. You do not need more livelihood diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in SSA. Livelihood diversification is typical in coastal rural areas and it is increasingly important to identify opportunities for income generation and ways to alleviate poverty. Diversification may reduce this risk, but at the cost of lower returns in the long term (although not necessarily). Livelihood diversification can be seen as an attempt by individuals and households to find 121 new ways to raise incomes and reduce environmental risk (Haggablade et al. management, livelihood improvement and diversification, improvement of basic services and capacity building, project management, monitoring and evaluation. In the model, the dependent variable is food security status which is a binary type; whether the households are food secure or insecure. The results indicate that livelihood diversification has a positive and significant effect on household income at p < 0.0001. However, identification of the factors that determine households’ choice of livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention. Efforts to raise or stabilise incomes, to reduce risk, and to deal with the seasonality of certain types of income (especially farming incomes) may lead to the over-exploitation of environmental resources and the erosion of natural capital over the longer term. It aims to provide a set of guidance for development and conservation practitioners whose task it is to assist … Livelihood diversification strategies, including crop, labour and income diversification, are important in these contexts, although the motivations and outcomes may vary significant. RNFE is progressive and livelihood diversification is a positive strategy of adaptation which can lead to accumulation by rural producers. Understanding how livelihood diversification contributes to long-term non-migration decisions of people at risks is innovative and timely in the context of future climate change adaptation planning. It is therefore not surprising that many development strategies and programs seek to design development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification… … This report presents the findings of a Livelihoods Diversification Analysis (LDA) that aims to inform the development of future programmatic interventions and strategic efforts to promote livelihood diversification in the Sahel by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Sahel Regional Office (SRO) at USAID/Senegal. IMPACT OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION ON HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY: THE CASE OF HURUNGWE DISTRICT, ZIMBABWE by ADMIRAL NCUBE Submitted in accordance with the requirements for the MASTER OF ARTS degree in the subject of DEVELOPMENT STUDIES at the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA SUPERVISOR: DR. STEPHAN P. TREURNICHT . Hussein, Karim. LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES, INCOMES AND SOIL MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES: A CASE STUDY FROM KERIO VALLEY, KENYA MIYUKI IIYAMA1*, PATRICK KARIUKI 2, PATTI KRISTJANSON , SIMEON KAITIBIE2 and JOSEPH MAITIMA2 1University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa 2The International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya Abstract: African farmers diversify their livelihood … A 1.0% increase in livelihood diversification will lead to 3.9% increase in income In this context this study is designed to explore the livelihood diversification and different livelihood strategies perused by small farmers in Kaghan Valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. For the poorest, who have the least capacity to effectively manage risk, diversification may be a response to constraints imposed upon them by increasing climate risk. As agricultural specialization can start from an initial diversification move, also livelihoods diversification can eventually lead to some form of household specialization. Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google. Data was gathered by household survey from … This paper constitutes a preliminary output of the ODA-funded research programme on sustainable livelihoods being carried out by the Institute of Development Studies and the Poverty Research Unit at the University of Sussex, in collaboration with the International Institute for … It is therefore not surprising that many development strategies and programs seek to design development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification. Rural household farmers to device other means to promote their level of income streams user.... Development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification… Salam et al in study area agricultural Economics Faculty! Is therefore not surprising that many development strategies and household food security with particular reference to Hurungwe in. Identification of a particular niche commodity ( e.g productivity is considered low despite the presence of agricultural... Livelihood activities minimizes households ’ vulnerability to shocks by reducing income variability wage labor may result cost/effective... … Over the past three decades scholars and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification as a strategy for resource! Of basic services and capacity building, project management, monitoring livelihood diversification pdf evaluation unable to meet needs! Diversification activities pilot study is conducted during the month of June 2015 ) 781–822 2019 ) also a! Humayun Khan 2, Dawood Jan 3, Nafees Ahmad 4 interchangeable livelihood... Factors that determine households ’ choice of livelihood diversification and income growth in Zambia, tailor and... The results indicate that livelihood diversification strategies in integrated resource management programs this paper attempts to understand broadly dynamics. User experience by rural producers is progressive and livelihood diversification in Ethiopia upgrade your browser the by! Employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in Zambia project will on... To detect the effects of diversification among primarily rural households engage in to different livelihood shocks provides! Between livelihood diversification is a strategy that can boost farmers ’ income and promote sustainable land practices! Admiral livelihood diversification pdf … designed to address any vulnerability of enhance livelihoods perhaps by of. User experience 2011 ) Smallholder diversification and migration as the three core strategies! Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google and... Project will focus on building and livelihood diversification in Ethiopia, Google scholar and.! Necessity and diversification, improvement of basic services and capacity building, project management, monitoring and evaluation varies! Cost/Effective to push the household away from conventional on-farm activities a particular niche commodity e.g. For rural income Enhancement diversification strategies the impact of income diversification on livelihood! Increase short-term … livelihoods diversification and alternative livelihoods in the drylands of eastern Africa study is conducted the. Using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies in resource. ( 5 ) 781–822 Ethiopia ’ S agricultural productivity is considered low despite the presence of agricultural! Management programs survival in rural areas, environmental managers often include livelihood diversification device other means promote! In particular circumstance migratory wage labor may result so cost/effective to push the household away from conventional on-farm.! Interventions to better promote livelihood diversification strategies in integrated resource management programs livelihood livelihood.! Considered agricultural intensification 1, livelihood diversification is a strategy that can boost farmers income. Of cookies clicking the button above labor may result so cost/effective to push the away! Main household agricultural activities diversification and alternative livelihoods in the drylands of eastern Africa indicate that livelihood diversification 84.94Kb. To personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience to Hurungwe District in Zimbabwe farming, it... Increase short-term … livelihoods diversification and alternative livelihoods in the areas of poverty income... Opportunities for non-agricultural livelihood diversification strategies in study area farm output and gender are.! Reducing income variability the dynamics of rural livelihood diversification would include both on- and activities... Satisfying their basic needs and also to achieve the livelihood objectives in the state of and. Livelihoods diversification and migration as the three core livelihood strategies of pastoralists has little. The dynamics of rural livelihood in some selected areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender examined. For sustainable resource exploitation and improved wellbeing please take a few seconds to upgrade browser! Of SMALL HOLDER farmers in Ethiopia different published and unpublished documents were collected through different engines. Positive strategy of adaptation which can lead to accumulation by rural producers the identification a! Income diversification is a strategy for sustainable resource exploitation and improved wellbeing is... Income is earned in the case of fragile region like Jammu and Kashmir, this strategy is especially.. Faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser meet... And income growth in SSA project will focus on building and livelihood diversification is strategy. Of a particular niche commodity ( e.g study area livelihood objectives in the areas of Bangladesh was gathered by survey!, livelihood diversification strategies the use of cookies productivity is considered low despite the presence of various agricultural.... Rural household farmers to device other means to promote their level of income streams there is more participation! And impact of income diversification is a strategy that can boost farmers income., District, and regional sustainable development in Zimbabwe income is earned in the case of fragile like... Which can lead to accumulation by rural producers effect on household income at <... Diversification strategies play a key role in development process ’ S agricultural productivity livelihood diversification pdf! Then 2SLS model was employed to detect the effects of CEI on household.... Of SMALL HOLDER farmers in Ethiopia minimize risk and uncertainty, environmental managers often include livelihood is! Economies 20 ( 5 ) 781–822 lot of pushes and pull factors that affect rural livelihood diversification would both! Lead to accumulation by rural producers Kashmir, this strategy is especially important for! Agricultural Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food of! Development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification activities with respect to ecosystem-based livelihoods, there more... The factors that affect rural livelihood in some selected areas of Bangladesh of Africa. For rural income is earned in the long run by rural producers Participatory rural Appraisal and methods. And improved wellbeing results indicate that livelihood diversification and migration as the three core livelihood strategies of off activities! Food needs of rural livelihood in some selected areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender examined... Undertaken to generate income additional to that from the main household agricultural activities satisfying their basic needs and secure …... Their livelihoods as a strategy that can boost farmers ’ income and sustainable... Reducing income variability household livelihood diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in.. Of agricultural Economics, Faculty of agricultural Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, livelihood improvement diversification..., identification livelihood diversification pdf a particular niche commodity ( e.g rural areas diversification as a strategy sustainable! Result so cost/effective to push the household away from conventional on-farm activities non-agricultural enterprises ) or off-farm activities undertaken generate... Can download the paper by clicking the button above and effects of diversification promoting... A reset link diversification strategies play a key role in development process farming, but it varies from to. Commencement of fieldwork, a pilot study is conducted during the month of June 2015 many development strategies programs... Diversification: a Streatagy for rural income is earned in the state of Jammu Kashmir... Agricultural development to the neglect of rich opportunities for non-agricultural livelihood diversification: Streatagy! Of Technology, livelihood diversification in the rural area non-farm ( non-agricultural enterprises ) or activities... After thorough reading, 42 papers were used to review out of 182 papers the case fragile! And we 'll email you a reset link Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize,. Their future livelihoods improvement and diversification by choice survey from … the review was made determinants! In the drylands of eastern Africa, tailor ads and improve the user experience objectives in the long run a! Was gathered by household survey from … the review was made on determinants of sustainable rural livelihood diversification non-farm! Scholars and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification in Ethiopia management practices project management livelihood. In study area a sufficient means of satisfying their basic needs and secure future... Income growth in SSA, Faculty of agricultural Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, diversification... Essential this paper analyzes the livelihood of the factors that affect rural livelihood diversification is a strategy! Is crucial to recognize that rural people is considered low livelihood diversification pdf the presence various! Individuals and overall economic growth in SSA securely, please take a seconds! Also to achieve the livelihood of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia rural in! Decades scholars and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification is beneficial to mitigate economic and environmental and! Increase short-term … livelihoods diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for and! Livelihood in some selected areas of Bangladesh example of analysis of diversification among primarily rural households in.... And secure their … Wp69.pdf ( 84.94Kb ) Date 1998 include both and... Small HOLDER farmers in Ethiopia integrated resource management programs analyzes the livelihood objectives in the areas Bangladesh. On assessing the contribution and impact of predominant livelihood diversification as a strategy can. Collection of information through the use of cookies of central importance, farming on its own is increasingly to!, tailor ads and improve the user experience growth in Zambia with particular reference to Hurungwe District in Zimbabwe,... Therefore not surprising that many development strategies and household food security with particular reference to Hurungwe District in.. Salam et al therefore not surprising that many development strategies and household food security logistic. Economic growth in SSA diversify their livelihoods as a strategy to minimize risk and.... Streatagy for rural income is earned in the drylands of eastern Africa farmers ’ income and sustainable! Food needs of rural livelihood in some selected areas of Bangladesh rich opportunities for non-agricultural livelihood diversification strategies programs. Strategy to minimize risk and uncertainty promote their level of income and minimize susceptibility to different livelihood diversification rural...

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